What is Soazkhwani?

Definition of Soazkhwani By Prof. Syed Sib-i-Jaafar Zaidi

Salient Features / Some facts about "Soazkhwani"

* The literal meaning of soazkhwani is sorrow or smoulder.

* It is allegorical attribution to the martyrdom of Imam Husain (A.S), his companions & agony thereof.
There are only three basic vocal fine arts of Islam/Muslims: Qirat, Qawwali & Soazkhwani.

* Its beginning can be traced to three centuries back in this subcontinent (especially in Luknow & its surrounding/U.P).

* In SOAZKHWANI classical poetry of Urdu is mostly used as the medium thereof.  

* Since its inception nobody cared. Discovered & compiled certain rules & regulations of this art. The infrastructure is made/designed by Prof. Sib-i-Jaafer.

* Soazkhwani has its own code of conduct, unique to it age old civilization & Islamic culture & has its own phraseology.

* The melody & its practice is needed or required in performance of the common arts. Whereas soazkhwani needs the pathos & pains of the incident in a touching & moving style.

* It is a deliberate attempt according to the existing situation where message occupies the priority than the art & craft (where the massage comes first & the art after words).

* In its compositions of “Ragas” there has  been clear contradictions among the “Ragees” (Classical Masters), because no clear, identified, categorized (shudh Raag/Raagnees) are
used in Soazkhwani. It does not maintain the real effect of “Raag” , but exclude the irrelevant.

* Tecnacally the singer (Performer, vomposer/Soazkhwan) is a competent, experienced & trained professional/ skilled person, who is entitled “Ustaad”. He is adept hand, who
exercise all the facets of rhythmic metres and knows all the intonations of the lyre.

Soaz or soz (Persian / Urdu: سوز) is an elegiac poem written to commemorate the martyrdom and valour of Hazrat Imam Hussain and his comrades of the Karbala.
 In its form the soaz, salam and marsia, with a rhyming quatrain, and a couplet on a different rhyme. This form found a specially congenial soil in Lucknow (a city in Northern India),
 chiefly because it was the centre of Shia Muslim community, which regarded it an act of piety and religious duty to eulogise and bemoan the martyrs of the battle of Karbala.
The form reached its peak in the writing of Mir Babar Ali Anis. Soaz is written to commemorate the martyrdom of Ahl al-Bayt, Imam Hussain and Battle of Karbala. The sub-parts
 of marsia can be called noha and soz which means lamentation and burning of (heart) respectively.